Channel-aware spectrum sensing and access for mobile cognitive radio ad hoc networks

In hardware-constrained cognitive radio (CR) ad hoc networks, secondary users (SUs) with limited sensing capabilities strive to discover and share available spectrum resources without impairing primary user (PU) transmission. Sensing strategy design objectives include high CR network throughput, resolved SU competition, distributed implementation, and reliable performance under node mobility. However, these objectives have not been realized by previously investigated sensing strategies. A novel sensing strategy is analyzed where the reward is adapted to the SU link channel state information (CSI) prior to sensing, thus randomizing sensing decisions and boosting the network throughput.

Moreover, CSI-aided sensing is combined with a novel first-come-first-served (FCFS) medium access control (MAC) scheme that resolves SU competition prior to sensing. Finally, a pilot-based CSI prediction method is developed to enable the proposed CSI-aided sensing strategies for mobile scenarios. Analytical and numerical results demonstrate that the proposed sensing and access methods significantly outperform non adaptive sensing strategies for practical mobile CR scenarios with CSI mismatch and pilot overhead.